Laryngospasm, often referred to as "dry drowning,” is a spasm of the vocal cords in the throat that temporarily blocks the flow of air to the lungs. There is a good YouTube video that explains the process well.
The most frequent question asked about these spasms is what can I do to help the person?
First, it is important to understand that not everyone with Kennedy's Disease experiences this symptom. Yet, it can be a symptom and that is why it is important to understand what it is, and what can be done to help.
When it happens: This will sound counter-intuitive, but the best way to ease the recovery process is to remember that the more you fight it by gasping for air, the worse the situation becomes. Since the Larynx is a muscle, it works like the other muscles in the body. If a muscle becomes starved for oxygen it will release (relax) thus, in theory, it should open back up. We have never heard of a case where the person lost consciousness, but if that does happen, you might need medical attention.
Remember, this is a spasm and is different from choking on an object that needs to be dislodged from the throat.
If it happens in bed: Throw the feet over the edge of the bed and sit upright. Often when we wake up with this gagging, we are prone and then only partially sit up. By doing this, we are compressing the diaphragm making it more difficult to get a full breath of air to clear the blockage.
Try to relax and breathe slowly. Yes, I know that it is easy to recommend that you just sit there and relax, but it really does minimize the trauma. Panicking or tightening up only makes the situation worse. Tilt your head back and turn your head to one side. Breathe in very slowly through the nose with the mouth closed. As the windpipe starts to open you might begin coughing up phlegm.
Talk about it before it happens. As mentioned above, the situation frightens the wife (significant other) and children as much as the person experiencing the problem. All an observer can do is be there in case assistance is needed. It is helpful to develop a hand signal so you can communicate with others in the room when this occurs (e.g., a thumbs up if you feel that it is opening back up or a closed fist if it is not opening and you might need some help).
What else will help?
- Consider elevating the shoulders and head by using a foam wedge (about 12" high). You can normally pick up one at any medical supplier.
- Practice coughing every day. What I mean by this is to try to bring something up several times a day by coughing hard. Our lungs weaken over time and we find it more difficult to clear the throat when anything blocks it (including water and food).
- Practice sniffing every day. With the mouth closed, take a deep sniff (filling up the lungs) and exhale normally. Practice sniffing several times a day.
- Practice swallowing exercises every day. Stick out your tongue as far as comfortable. Bite lightly on it to hold it in place. While holding the tongue swallow ten times. Repeat several times a day. This exercise will also make it easier to swallow food.
- Keep a glass of water next to the bed. If you become dry, take a drink. Water cleanses and clears the throat and loses phlegm.
Since adding the wedge and practicing the exercises above, I went from experiencing the gagging/choking sensation once a week to having one every 4 -6 months. Over the last ten years, I have not had one gagging or choking experience in bed.
If anyone else has any tips to help minimize the impact or eliminate the problem, please let me know.